Frequently Asked Questions

If you have any questions regarding this website or its content please click “Contact Us” under the “WHO WE ARE” tab at the top of the page. Your questions may be posted to the Frequently Asked Question section of the site for future reference.  Snapshots welcomes valid and relative data that can be promoted on the website. If you have information you think might be of interest please contact us. We will notify you directly and arrange to review the information. If the information meets our criteria we will then post it to the website. Not only do we want to share information to the public but feel that our audience can be our greatest resource for information.

Question: How much longer will the SEOW grant be in operation?

Answer: After the initial first year, the State Epidemiological Outcomes Workgroup (SEOW) is now under the umbrella of the Strategic Prevention Framework Partnership For Success 2015 Grant. The SPF PFS Grant will continue for the next three years.  The purpose of the Mississippi SPF PFS grant is to plan, implement, monitor, and sustain efforts to enhance our state’s prevention infrastructure.  The main goals of the SPF PFS 2015 Grant are as follows: (1) aim to reduce past 30-day alcohol use and binge drinking by one-tenth of baseline rates among those 12 – 25 years old across divers groups, (2) aim to reduce the behavioral consequences of alcohol and drug use, including alcohol and drug-related school suspensions, DUI arrests, alcohol/drug-related car crashes, fatalities, and injuries in, by one-tenth of the baseline rate, (3) aim to reduce past 30-day prescription drug abuse among  those 12 – 25 years old by one-tenth of the baseline rate, (4) aim to reduce the number of prescription drug-related emergency room visits, (5) aim to increase perceived parental  and peer disapproval attitudes towards alcohol for those 12 – 20 years old by one-tenth of the baseline rate, (6) aim to increase the perceived risk of harm for binge drinking among  those 12 – 25 years old, (7) aim to increase family communication about alcohol, tobacco, and drug use by one-tenth of the baseline rate, (8) aim to increase the number of evidence-based prevention education and environmental strategies while improving the state’s prevention infrastructure by expanding state-wide training and technical assistance opportunities over the life of the grant, (9) aim to enhance workforce quality by leveraged resources in the community, and (10) aim to train communities on strategies to leverage resources and build an organizational mentoring system to improve the entire prevention workforce in the state.

Question: What is the role or purpose of SEOW?

Answer: The SEOW played a vital role in the developing step one of the SPF PFS. Step I included the assessment step of the Strategic Prevention Framework. In Step I the SEOW included assessment of the substance abuse problem in Mississippi, the state’s capacity and infrastructure for dealing with problems, and identified gaps in services and or resources. The SEOW epidemiological profiles were based on the data collected for each of the following: tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, heroin, methamphetamines, inhalants and prescription drugs. The profiles included consumption patterns within the State at large, prevalence, differences by race and gender, and national and state comparisons.

Question: Is funding Available through this grant?

Answer: Strategic Prevention Framework Partnership For Success Grant (SPF PFS) grantees are required to develop and submit a SPF PFS plan and written approval by the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) before any SPF PFS funds are provide to communities. The SEOW’s assessment part of the SPF PFS Plan will provide a picture for all data-driven priorities that emerged from the State Epidemiological Outcomes Workgroup (SEOW).  A final priority will be chosen and a plan will be submitted to address this substance problem.  Following approval from CASAP the SPF PFS will allocate 85% of its SPF PFS funds to communities with the greatest needs.

Question: Who makes up the members of the SEOW workgroup?

Answer: The members of the SEOW workgroup are representatives from state agencies, private organizations and not-for-profit groups. They were selected to help guide what data would be offered through Snapshots and how that data would be represented. You can find a complete list of members and data contributors on the Snapshots website.

Question: What happens to Snapshots when the 5 year US Department of Education grant ends?

Answer: The website will continue to be maintained by the Mississippi Department of Mental Health – Bureau of Alcohol and Drug Services.

Question: I noticed on your website that data are offered in many different formats. Why is this?

Answer: We all have different learning styles be it visual learners or those who prefer numbers to graphics. We try to provide information in a variety of different formats (graphs, maps, etc. to give those using our website a broad number of choices. This allows the user to select what method best suits their needs.

Question: Is the word “data” in a singular or plural form?

Answer: The word "data" is plural; its singular form is "datum".

Question: Where can I find Mississippi Data?


The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System - BRFSS:

The BRFSS is an ongoing, state-based, random digit-dialed telephone survey of non-institutionalized U.S. adults, aged 18 years or older. The survey collects information on health risk behaviors, preventive health practices, and health care access primarily related to chronic disease and injury. The BRFSS operates in 50 states, the District of Columbia, and three U.S. territories (Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam).  BRFSS data might be subject to systematic error resulting from non-coverage (e.g., lower telephone coverage among populations of low socioeconomic status), non-response (e.g., refusal to participate in the survey or to answer specific questions), or measurement (e.g., social desirability or recall bias). Further information on BRFSS, including information on survey data quality, question history, or module information is available from the survey website at:


National Survey of Drug Use and Health - NSDUH:

The NSDUH is a primary source of information on the use of illegal drugs, alcohol, and tobacco and their consequences by the U.S. civilian, noninstitutionalized population aged 12 or older.  The survey also collects data on mental disorders, co-occurring substance use with mental disorders, and treatment for substance use and mental health problems.  The survey provides estimates at the national, state, and sub-state level.  The data can be used to determine the prevalence of substance use or mental illness among demographic or geographic subgroups to estimate the trends in these measures over time and determine the need for substance abuse or mental health treatment services.  Sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), the survey collects data through face-to-face interviews with a representative sample of the population at the respondent's place of residence. NSDUH collects information from residents of households, non-institutional group quarters (e.g., shelters, rooming houses, dormitories) and from civilians living on military bases.  The survey excludes homeless persons who do not use shelters, military personnel on active duty, and residents of institutional group quarters, such as jails and hospitals.  Further information on NSDUH is available from the survey website at:


Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System - YRBS:

YRBSS monitors priority health risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among youth in the U.S.  These behaviors, often established during childhood and early adolescence, include: tobacco use, unhealthy dietary behaviors, inadequate physical activity, alcohol and other drug use, risky sexual behaviors, and behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence.  YRBSS is a school-based survey every two years; it includes national, state, and local representative samples of students in grades 9 – 12.  YRBSS data can have systematic errors that result from: non-coverage (e.g., no participation by certain schools), nonresponse (e.g., refusal to participate in the survey or to answer specific questions), or measurement (e.g., social desirability or recall bias).  Further information on YRBSS is available from the survey website at:



The Mississippi STatistically Automated Health Resource System (MSTAHRS) allows for the retrieval of vital records and other health related data. Queries can be customized to provide answers to very common data requests. Development of the MSTAHRS system is an ongoing project. Updates to the program and data will be made periodically to insure that the data is presented in the most useful form. MSTAHRS allow users to construct their own tables, graphs, and maps. Characteristics of the data can then be selected on the basis of county, health district, age, sex, and race.  MSTAHRS was developed by the Mississippi State Department of Health, Public Health Statistics.  Further information on MSTHARS is available from the survey website at:


United States Census:

The United States Census Bureau (USCB) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce.  The Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U.S. Census every ten years, which allocates legislative seats to the states based on their population.  The Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, and businesses make informed decisions.  In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U.S. Economic Census, and the Current Population Survey.  Further information on the US Census is available at:  To learn more about your community visit or


County Health Rankings:

The County Health Rankings & Roadmaps program is a collaboration between the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute.  It ranks the health of almost every county in the nation by using county-level measures from a variety of national data sources.  These measures are standardized and combined using scientific weights.  The rankings provide communities with two overall ranks: Health Outcomes and Health Factors.  County-level data is also ranked for a variety of vital health factors that includes high school graduation rates, obesity, smoking, unemployment, access to healthy foods, the quality of air and water, income, and teen births.  Further information on County Health Rankings & Roadmaps is available from the program website at:


Kids Count:

KIDS COUNT is a project of the Annie E. Casey Foundation that asses the well-being of children in the United States.  The Foundation provides comprehensive and evidence-based local, state and national information about the health, education, safety and well-being of children to policy makers, educators, program administrators, parents, caregivers, advocates, and the general public.  In addition to including high-quality data and trend analysis data from national resources, the KIDS COUNT Data Center includes more than 50 KIDS COUNT state organizations that provide state and local data as well as publications that provide insight into child’s and family’s well-being.  Further information on KIDS COUNT project is available from the program website at:


The Treatment Episode Data Set - TEDS:

TEDS is maintained by the Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).  The TEDS system includes records for approximately 1.5 million substance abuse treatment admissions annually.  While TEDS does not represent the total national demand for substance abuse treatment, it is composed of a significant proportion of all admissions to substance abuse treatment and includes admissions that constitute a burden on public funds.  TEDS comprises data that are routinely collected by States in monitoring their individual substance abuse treatment systems.  Treatment facilities that are operated by private for-profit agencies, hospitals, and the State correctional system.  The facilities may be excluded from TEDS, if not licensed through the State substance abuse agency.  TEDS does not include data on facilities operated by Federal agencies (the Bureau of Prisons, the Department of Defense, and the Veterans Administration).  Further information on TEDS is available from the survey website at:


The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System - PRAMS:

Mississippi PRAMS, is a multi-mode survey conducted since 2003 to identify maternal behaviors and experiences that occur before, during and after pregnancy among a stratified sample of women delivering a live birth.  The Mississippi PRAMS is a collaborative project between the CDC and the Mississippi State Department of Health (MSDH) and is part of the CDC’s nation-wide PRAMS.  Historically, PRAMS was initiated in 1987 as part of the CDC initiative to reduce infant mortality and low birth weight.  In recent years, the program has focused on CDC’s Safe Motherhood Initiative to promote healthy pregnancies and birth outcome.  PRAMS consist of two modes of data collection: a survey conducted by mailed questionnaire with multiple follow-up attempts and a survey by telephone.  Each month, a random sample of 150 – 250 women is selected from birth certificates of infants born ideally two months earlier.  The sample is stratified by birth weight: women with very low birth weight (less than 1,500 g) or low birth weight (1,500 g to 2,499 g) infants are sampled at a higher rate (Mississippi PRAMS, 2015).  Findings from PRAMS are used to enhance understanding of maternal behaviors and their relationship with adverse pregnancy outcomes.  Data can be used at the state level to plan, implement, monitor and evaluate programs and to inform policymakers and the general public.  Further information on PRAMS is available from the survey website at:


Question: Where does Snapshots get its data from?

Answer: The main data source for Snapshots is The SmartTrack Survey, also known as The Mississippi Student Survey. The Mississippi SmartTrack Survey, conducted by the Mississippi Department of Education, is a computer-based annual health behavior survey that is administered to public school students across Mississippi in grades 6 through 12.  Every year the survey is administered to students attending 278 public schools and learning centers across the state.  All Mississippi public schools were notified of the survey and encouraged to allow all students in grades 6 through 12 to participate.  The survey was free for all schools, with technical support provided by the Mississippi Department of Education and SmartTrack, Inc.  Since the Smart Track Survey was administered to as many public school students as possible, rather than selecting small number of students from both private and public school through random sampling, results cannot be generalized to the all students in Mississippi.  However, it provides school-level data to a much larger number of districts than would be possible with traditional probability sampling.  With these data, prevention planners can select programs and set policies on a school-by-school basis.  The SmartTrack survey includes 87 questions that cover the following subject areas: alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) use and availability, age of ATOD initiation, perceptions of ATOD risk, school safety, bullying, family and community support, school learning environment and pro-social activities, nutrition and physical activity, and moral beliefs.